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Today in the series of Know your Defence Forces we will discuss the history of the Indian Armed Forces since India became a republic. If you haven't read our previous article on Know Your Defence Forces, do so first.

Immediately after independence, the Indian Armed Forces were involved in conflicts to unite the Republic of India under one flag as well as revolt a foreign invasion from Indian soil.

Operation Polo / Hyderabad Police Action 1948 (Image Credit: Life Magazine)

Operation Polo / Hyderabad Police Action 1948 (Image Credit: Life Magazine)

Some of the most important military operations of the armed forces of Independent India in the post-independence period include Operation Polo, which was instrumental in making Hyderabad a part of the Union Republic of India.

People Cheering for Indian Army during Operation Polo 1948 (Image Credit: Life Magazine)

People Cheering for Indian Army during Operation Polo 1948 (Image Credit: Life Magazine)

Another such operation was Operation Vijay, this operation was to free Goa from the Portuguese rule and fulfil the wish of the Goanese to join the Indian Union. It was a successful operation that lasted a mere 36 hours that also ended 451 years of Portuguese rule on Indian soil.

Portuguese surrender to Indian troops 1961 in Goa

Portuguese surrender to Indian troops 1961 in Goa

India besides fought a war with Pakistan in 1947 to repeal Pakistan's invasion of Kashmir. The Indian Armed Forces have fought two other wars with Pakistan, i.e., in 1965 and 1971, and has also been involved in another conflict with Pakistan in 1999.

Indian troops captured the strategic Haji Pir Pass in Kashmir, 1965 (Image Credit: adityaaryaarchive

Indian troops captured the strategic Haji Pir Pass in Kashmir, 1965 (Image Credit: Aditya Arya Archive)

Other than these major battles of the post-independence period, India has also launched a mission codenamed Operation Meghadoot to capture the top of the Siachen glacier in April 1984. Indian Army also started Operation Pawan in 1987-1990, which was a peacekeeping mission in northern and eastern Sri Lanka.

Indian soldiers prepare for Operation Pawan (Image Credit: ANCL)

Indian soldiers prepare for Operation Pawan (Image Credit: ANCL)

The Indian Armed Forces also heavily contributes to United Nations peacekeeping forces, serving in conflict regions of Africa, Korea, Lebanon, etc. and apart from that our brave people have also been involved in countless humanitarian disaster relief operations during natural calamities.

In next article, we will discuss all the Armed Forces individually, and will conclude our series.